The video surveillance market has evolved exponentially in recent years. The technologies used today are at different stages of maturity: video analysis, recognition and facial detection, license plate readings, biometrics, Big Data, deep learning, etc. All these advances are used to fight terrorism in order to ensure the safety of persons. Following the attacks in Paris, Nice and Brussels, a question arises: What is the role of intelligent video surveillance in such a situation? Real time because it must be understood that the video analysis intervenes at three moments:
A real-time tool for officers and research assistance for investigators
Previously, investigators had to view hours of recordings provided by the thousands of cameras located in cities in the event of a terrorist attack, crime or misdemeanor. This represents a colossal job.
Using current video analysis tools, operators can identify abnormal situations and send an alert to the police, which will intervene as quickly as possible: tracking suspected vehicles via license plate recognition, detection of suspicious behavior thanks to deep learning, faces recognition, ….
Then, the investigators will carry out optimized searches during the study of some hints: intrusion on forbidden zone abandoned, suspicious packages, vehicles of suspects, on the run reconstructed paths of vehicles, …
What is the legislative framework for video-analysis?
The police and the gendarmerie are the only entities currently authorized to set up a system for reading vehicle plates in the public space. In order for cities to install this system, they must request prior authorization – from the CNIL and entrust the use of these images to the police or gendarmerie. The authorization is issue for a renewable period of 5 years. The images’storage can not exceed 1 month, except for legal proceedings in progress.
Think Tank on improving the performance of videoprotection for the AN2V: vehicle data and facial recognition
The AN2V, the National Association of Videoprotection, is currently working on the automatic control of vehicle data: identification of the brand, model and color thanks toalgorithms and reading of the plate via thermal cameras, allowing detection whatever the weather conditions or the light density. The Association works on the legal environment with alerts in real time.
The ANV2 has also launched another working group this month on facial recognition, with special focus on 6 topics – strategic, organizational, technical, legal, financial and ethical – to implement an effective tool.
In addition, the AN2V is now part of the Council of Conflict and Security Industries (CICS), which is itself part of the State- chaired Industrial Security Committee (CoFIS). The CICS, an industrial interlocutor for public authorities, aims to offer the best response to the security needs of the State and its citizens.